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    State & Local Governments

    States and municipalities can pursue holistic approaches to waste reduction that incentivize prevention, recovery, and recycling to reduce the tax burden and address food insecurity.

    Key State & Local Government Actions

    • State and local governments can continue to support organics diversion through use of mandates or landfill or commercial food waste bans, reduce permitting barriers for compost and AD, and enforce programs through incentives or fines.
    • States can implement Standardized Donation Regulations.

    Key State & Local Governments Solutions

    Top Rated Solution:
    Largest Waste Diverted
    Most Jobs Created

    Centralized Anaerobic Digestion (AD)

    A series of biological processes in which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen resulting in two end products: biogas and digestate. There are many different AD technologies, including wet and dry versions, the latter being generally better suited for food waste mixed with yard waste.

    $21 /ton
    in financial benefit

    1,884 K tons/yr
    in diversion potential

    0 M meals/yr
    meals recovered

    1,179 K tons/yr
    in GHG reduction

    0 B gal/yr
    in water conservation

    1,933
    jobs created

    Learn How >

    Top Rated Solution:
    Largest Waste Diverted
    Greatest GHG Reduction
    Most Jobs Created

    Centralized Composting

    Composting is the process of transforming organic waste into humus, a critical component of healthy, fertile soil. In rural areas, this can be accomplished by periodically turning large piles, or windrows, of organic waste over themselves using specialized equipment. In more urban areas, Aerated Static Pile (ASP) composting is generally preferred, where piles can be covered and mechanically aerated in order to minimize the site’s footprint and odors.

    $4 /ton
    in financial benefit

    5,037 K tons/yr
    in diversion potential

    0 M meals/yr
    meals recovered

    2,605 K tons/yr
    in GHG reduction

    0 B gal/yr
    in water conservation

    9,000
    jobs created

    Learn How >

    Community Composting

    Transporting food from homes by truck, car, or bicycle to small, community, or neighborhood-level compost facilities that process 2,500 tons per year on average

    $-34 /ton
    in financial benefit

    167 K tons/yr
    in diversion potential

    0 M meals/yr
    meals recovered

    163 K tons/yr
    in GHG reduction

    0 B gal/yr
    in water conservation

    230
    jobs created

    Learn How >

    Top Rated Solution:
    Most Cost Effective
    Greatest GHG Reduction
    Most Water Saved

    Consumer Education Campaigns

    Conducting large-scale advocacy campaigns to raise awareness and educate consumers about ways to save money and prevent wasted food.

    $4,531 /ton
    in financial benefit

    584 K tons/yr
    in diversion potential

    0 M meals/yr
    meals recovered

    2,336 K tons/yr
    in GHG reduction

    281 B gal/yr
    in water conservation

    0
    jobs created

    Learn How >

    Top Rated Solution:
    Most Meals Recovered

    Donation Tax Incentives

    Expanding federal tax benefits for food donations to all businesses and simplifying donation reporting for tax deductions

    $1,230 /ton
    in financial benefit

    383 K tons/yr
    in diversion potential

    638 M meals/yr
    meals recovered

    874 K tons/yr
    in GHG reduction

    110 B gal/yr
    in water conservation

    0
    jobs created

    Learn How >

    Donation Transportation

    Providing small-scale transportation infrastructure for local recovery as well as long-haul transport capabilities

    $2,294 /ton
    in financial benefit

    110 K tons/yr
    in diversion potential

    183 M meals/yr
    meals recovered

    407 K tons/yr
    in GHG reduction

    53 B gal/yr
    in water conservation

    1,604
    jobs created

    Learn How >

    Home Composting

    Keeping a small bin or pile for on-site waste at residential buildings to be managed locally; also known as "backyard composting"

    $149 /ton
    in financial benefit

    97 K tons/yr
    in diversion potential

    0 M meals/yr
    meals recovered

    53 K tons/yr
    in GHG reduction

    0 B gal/yr
    in water conservation

    0
    jobs created

    Learn How >

    Produce Specifications (Imperfect Produce)

    Accepting and integrating the sale of off-grade produce (short shelf life, different size/shape/color), also known as "imperfect produce", into food business menu planning and product lines

    $1,039 /ton
    in financial benefit

    266 K tons/yr
    in diversion potential

    0 M meals/yr
    meals recovered

    422 K tons/yr
    in GHG reduction

    39 B gal/yr
    in water conservation

    0
    jobs created

    Learn How >

    Top Rated Solution:
    Most Cost Effective
    Most Water Saved

    Standardized Date Labeling

    Standardizing food label dates, including eliminating visible “sell by” dates, to reduce consumer confusion

    $4,547 /ton
    in financial benefit

    398 K tons/yr
    in diversion potential

    0 M meals/yr
    meals recovered

    1,593 K tons/yr
    in GHG reduction

    192 B gal/yr
    in water conservation

    0
    jobs created

    Learn How >

    Top Rated Solution:
    Most Meals Recovered

    Standardized Donation Regulation

    Standardizing local and state health department regulations for safe handling and donation of food through federal policy

    $2,863 /ton
    in financial benefit

    193 K tons/yr
    in diversion potential

    322 M meals/yr
    meals recovered

    714 K tons/yr
    in GHG reduction

    93 B gal/yr
    in water conservation

    0
    jobs created

    Learn How >

    Top Rated Solution:
    Greatest GHG Reduction
    Most Water Saved

    Waste Tracking & Analytics

    Providing restaurants and food service providers with data on wasteful practices to inform behavioral and operational changes

    $2,282 /ton
    in financial benefit

    571 K tons/yr
    in diversion potential

    0 M meals/yr
    meals recovered

    2,306 K tons/yr
    in GHG reduction

    317 B gal/yr
    in water conservation

    0
    jobs created

    Learn How >

    Top Rated Solution:
    Largest Waste Diverted

    Water Resources Recovery Facility (WRRF) with AD

    Delivering waste by truck or through existing sink disposal pipes to a municipal water resource recovery facility (WRRF), where it is treated with anaerobic digestion; the remaining biosolids can be applied to land for beneficial reuse

    $23 /ton
    in financial benefit

    1,637 K tons/yr
    in diversion potential

    0 M meals/yr
    meals recovered

    728 K tons/yr
    in GHG reduction

    0 B gal/yr
    in water conservation

    100
    jobs created

    Learn How >

    Tools for action

    The Roadmap demonstrates that achieving a 20% reduction in food waste will generate a positive financial, social, and environmental return on investment. To make that happen, crosscutting actions are needed in four areas. Click to learn more about each tool.

    Learn More  >

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